Nanjing Clover Medical Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Regular model incinerator for market with burning rate from 10kgs to 500kgs per hour and we always proposal customer send us their require details, like waste material, local site fuel and power supply, incinerator operation time, etc, so we can proposal right model or custom made with different structure or dimensions.
Incinerator Model YD-100 is a middle scale incineration machine for many different usage: for a middle hospital sickbed below 500 units, for all small or big size family pets (like Alaskan Malamute Dog), for community Municipal Solid Waste Incineration, etc. The primary combustion chamber volume is 1200Liters (1.2m3) and use diesel oil or natural gas fuel burner original from Italy.
Modified burn barrels could be constructed using commonly available materials. They could either be pre-built locally or transported to the site for assembly. Detailed construction plans are given in Appendix 2.
Although altered burn barrels are intended to create an advantage over open burning on the ground, burn boxes and unmodified burn barrels through achieving higher burn temperatures and enhanced turbulence and holding time, incomplete combustion of waste and the release of pollutants into the air are still likely. In fact, emissions testing by Environment Canada on a modified burn barrel in April 2011 suggest that these devices do not offer any improvement over open burning on the ground in terms of
Figure 4 — Modified Burn Barrel
emissions quality, particularly if wet food waste is added to the waste mix. Other common problems include easily overfilling the unit and loading waste that shouldn’t be burned (refer to section 3.2). Wet or suspended masses of waste are particularly tricky to burn and the consequent partly burned food waste may still attract animals. The correct operation of altered burn barrels is critical to achieving the best burn potential. Standard operating instructions are given in section 4.1.
Burn barrels are effective at burning only small volumes of solid waste. Like burn boxes, they decrease the chance of fire spreading to vegetation and tundra by containing the burning waste to a specific location.
The unmodified burn barrel is normally a 45 gallon, or 205 litre, metal fuel or oil drum with the top removed. These devices typically operate at a low temperature resulting in incomplete combustion of the waste and production of large volumes of smoke and fly ash.
A modified burn barrel is a 45 gallon metal fuel or oil drum that’s been affixed with features or devices which result in greater burn temperatures, better mixing of the atmosphere and a longer holding time. These alterations include a’metal mesh basket’ insert or grate designed to suspend the burning waste.
Harmful pollutants into the air, can lead to vegetation or tundra fires throughout the uncontrolled release of hot sparks and embers, and is actively discouraged by the Nunavut Department of Environment as a way of disposing of unsegregated or mixed solid waste.
There are two basic types of burn boxes. The enclosed burnt box is constructed using heavy sheets of steel or other metal while the open burn box is assembled using expanded metal grating. The latter type is usually referred to as a burn cage. These devices are not commercially-available in Nunavut, but may be constructed using locally available materials. By way of example, the enclosed metal burn box shown in Figure 2 is produced from a dump truck bed and steel plating. Combustion air is supplied passively using a natural draft making electricity unnecessary. Burn boxes are only chambered units. Waste is raised off the bottom of the box by placing it on grates inside the unit. Unburned bottom ash falls through the grate through burning making removal easier once a sufficient amount has collected. Combustion air in enclosed burnt boxes is typically provided by cutting holes near the base of the box allowing for greater mixing with the burning waste.
Open burn boxes, or burn cages, are an improvement over enclosed burnt boxes because the waste is subjected to natural drafts through the metal grating on all surfaces including the bottom. This enables air to better blend with burning waste and promotes more efficient combustion throughout the burning period.
Assembled with hinged tops to enable easier loading and cleaning.
Unlike open burning on the ground, burn boxes help to include the burning waste within a specific location reducing the chance of fire spreading to other disposal areas or surrounding tundra, while still enabling moderate levels of solid waste to be burned.
Figure 3 — Open Metal Burn Box
Means of reducing the
volume of solid waste that must ultimately be disposed of.
The burning and incineration method used is a major factor in determining what sort of waste could be safely and effectively disposed of. The methods widely utilized in Nunavut include open burning on the ground, unmodified burn barrels and various mechanical incineration systems. Other useful methods include the use of burn boxes and altered burn barrels. Each technique is discussed separately in the following sections.
2.1.1 Open Burning
Open burning means the burning of waste where limited or no control of the combustion process can be exercised by the operator. This technique includes burning solid waste directly on the open ground or in burn boxes or burn barrels and often does not achieve the temperatures or holding time required for complete combustion of the waste to happen. This results in the formation of potentially toxic pollutants and ash, which are likely to impact nearby land and water. Food waste that’s not completely burned through open burning may also be a potent attractant for animals.
The many open burning methods may also present a risk of uncontrolled vegetation and tundra fires through the release of hot sparks or embers. The level of fire risk depends upon the sort of open burning used, its location, the skill of the operator and the environmental conditions that exist at the time (i.e. dryness of the surrounding vegetation, wind).
The open burning of solid waste remains a frequent practice in Nunavut. It is the policy of the Department of Environment to remove or minimize open burning of mixed solid waste to the extent practicable and to encourage more suitable methods of disposal and incineration.
Open Burning on the Ground
Open burning on the ground involves burning solid waste that’s been piled right on the surface of the ground or placed in a tiny open pit. Many large and small communities and camp operators in Nunavut continue to practice open burning on the ground as a
A modified burn barrel is a 45 gallon metal fuel or oil drum that has been affixed with devices or features which result in higher burn temperatures, better mixing of the air and a longer holding time. These modifications include a ‘metal mesh basket’ insert or grate designed to suspend the burning waste.
Evenly spaced vents or holes cut above the bottom of the barrel supply combustion air. These features provide for enhanced passive under-fire ventilation and promote better contact between the waste being burned and incoming air. The basket insert is topped with a hinged lid and a chimney port for attachment of an exhaust pipe or stack. The lid helps to increase heat retention and holding time inside the barrel while also allowing for easier loading and mixing of the waste. The removable mesh basket enables access to the unburned bottom ash.
Modified burn barrels can be built using commonly available materials. They can either be pre-built locally or transported to the site for assembly. Detailed construction plans are provided in Appendix 2.
Although modified burn barrels are designed to create an advantage over open burning on the ground, burn boxes and unmodified burn barrels through achieving higher burn temperatures and increased turbulence and holding time, incomplete combustion of waste and the release of pollutants to the atmosphere are still likely. In fact, emissions testing by Environment Canada on a modified burn barrel in April 2011 suggest that these devices do not provide any improvement over open burning on the ground in terms of
Figure 4 – Modified Burn Barrel
emissions quality, particularly if wet food waste is added to the waste mixture. Other common problems include easily overfilling the unit and loading waste that should not be burned (refer to section 3.2). Wet or frozen masses of waste are particularly difficult to burn and the resulting partly burned food waste may still attract animals. The proper operation of modified burn barrels is critical to achieving the most efficient burn possible. Basic operating instructions are provided in section 4.1.
Burn barrels are capable of burning only small volumes of solid waste. Like burn boxes, they reduce the risk of fire spreading to vegetation and tundra by containing the burning waste to a specific location.
Clover provide medical waste incinerators, animal and pet cremators, other solid waste incinerators to over 30 countries. We have re-designed the incinerators lining configuration. We have also designed and installed our very own PLC computer system into incinerator capacity of burner for medical incinerator, catalogue of incenarator for pharmaceuticals waste, chesp incinerator, china hazardous waste, operation system. Clover know it is essential that build them better, keep it simple and offer a great service. We create quality products that give excellent payback on investment, our incinerators will be the most powerful and thermally efficient in the industry. The incinerator lines have small scale to large scaleup to 500kgs per hour. The combustion chamber use high strength material, expensive cost but much better quality than competitors. Incinerator operation system utilize PLC program control manner, give up the complex manual operation. This gear quality structural for kinds of website, like hospital, environmental department, animal cremation agencies, etc.. CLOVER Incinerator provide updated models with dual combustion chamber, mix combustion chamber and smoke filter room with refractory lines, and the combustion chamber temperature up to 1200 deg C.
|Burning Rate (kgs/Hour)
|Feed Capacity (kgs)
|Primary Chamber (Liters)
|Secondary Chamber (Liters)
|External Dimensions (cm)
|270 x 185 x 380
|360 x 220 x 475
|Internal Dimensions (cm)
|180 x 115 x 96
|300 x 147 x 125
|Door Opening (cm)
|59 x 81
|90 x 110
|108 x 128
|108 x 128
|Smoke Filter Chamber